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Test of Science Related Attitudes (TOSRA)
- TOSRA_BJF_.pdf (1.4 MB) download
Assessment Type:70 5-point scale items (10 questions from 7 subscales)
Scale:5-point scale (strongly disagree, disagree, not sure, agree, strongly agree)
Publication Date:Nov 07, 2008
Respondent:Original study: 7th-10th graders
Domain(s) Evaluated:Engagement, Attitude
Sample items:I would prefer to do experiments than to read about them. A job as a scientist would be interesting.
Reliability:internal consistency = range 0.56 to 0.96
Validity:Magnitude of correlation between scales = 0.03 to 0.33
Administration time:45 minutes
Requires a Computer:No
Requires Internet Access:No
Primary reference:Fraser, B.L. (1978). Development of a test of science-related attitudes. Science Education, 62, 509-515.
Comments:Fraser also developed a second TOSRA. TOSRA2 is comprised of two 35-statement questionnaires (pretest/protest). It is used with adults and children. The cross-cultural validity of TOSRA has been established in the US.
Robinson, E. & Fraser, B. J. (2013). Kindergarten students’ and parents’ perceptions of science classroom environments: Achievement and attitudes. Learning Environments Research, 16, 151-167.
TORSA was used to associate student outcomes and the classroom-learning environment, particularly to add the measure of student attitudes towards science and achievement. The study references the extensive work of other authors using the survey and Fraser et al 2010 study showing high reliability results. The study used a modified version of the original. The internal consistency, reliability and scale independence were all measured. For each of the modified scales internal consistency was measured finding a range from 0.56 to 0.96. The magnitude of correlation between the scales was 0.03 to 0.33 suggesting reasonable scale independence. These results support the scale having reliability and scale independence.
Professor Barry Fraser
Director of SMEC
Dean of Graduate Studies