## Abbreviated Version of the Mathematics Anxiety Rating Scale (A-MARS)

This is an abbreviated (25-item version) of the original Mathematics Anxiety Rating Scale (MARS) instrument developed by Richardson and Suinn (for reference- see comments).The purpose of the study was to develop abbreviated version of MARS, and to find whether certain specific backgrounds (gender, socio-economic status) and academic variables can predict math anxiety.

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### Supplemental Information:

- ABBREVIATED_MATHEMATICS_ANXIETY_RATING_SCALE.pdf (81.1 KB) Download

### Assessment Type:

Self-administered questionnaire### Scale:

5-point Likert scale### Publication Date:

Apr 27, 2012### Respondent:

517 college students in lower level psychology class.### Domain(s) Evaluated:

Attitude / Behavior, Competence### Sample items:

Please indicate your level of anxiety in the following situations. Please choose one box on each line.Not at all | A little | A fair amount | Much | Very much | ||

1 | Studying for a math test | □ | □ | □ | □ | □ |

2 | Taking the math section of a college entrance exam | □ | □ | □ | □ | □ |

### Reliability:

Internal reliability = 0.96 | test-retest reliability = 0.90### Validity:

High correlation = 0.92### Frequency:

Frequently### Administration time:

20 minutes### Requires a Computer:

No### Requires Internet Access:

No### Primary reference:

Alexander, L., & Martray, C. (1989). The Development of an Abbreviated Version of the Mathematics Anxiety Rating Scale.*Measurement And Evaluation In Counseling And Development, 22*(3), 143-50.

### Comments:

Original 98-item MARS was developed by Richardson and Suinn:Richardson, F., & Suinn, R. M. (1972). The Mathematics Anxiety Rating Scale: Psychometric Data.

*Journal of Counseling Psychology, 19*(6), 138-149.

Other subsequent studies also developed short versions:

Plake, B., & Parker, C. (1982). The development and validation of a revised version of the Mathematics Anxiety Rating Scale.

*Education and Psychological Measurement, 42*(2), 551- 557.

Suinn, M., Winston, H.(2003). The Mathematics Anxiety Rating Scale, a brief version: psychometric data.

*Psychological Reports, 92*(1), 167-173.

There is also a MARS-R version:

Hopko, D. R. (2003). Confirmatory factor analysis of the math anxiety rating scale - revised.

*Educational and Psychological Measurement, 63*(2), 336-351.

A recent study used the original Richardson & Suinn scale to measure mathematics teachers' anxiety:

Hadley, K. M & Dorward, J.(2011). The Relationship among Elementary Teachers' Mathematics Anxiety, Mathematics Instructional Practices, and Student Mathematics Achievement.

*Journal of Curriculum and Instruction (JoCI), 5*(2), 27-44.

**Other References:**

Beasley, T. M., Long, J. D. Natali, M. (2001). A confirmatory Factor analysis of the Mathematics Anxiety Scale for Children.

*Measurement and Evaluation in Counselling and Development,*34, 14-26

By using confirmatory factor analysis article suggested that MARS measures an internally consistent, unidimensional construct. Construct validity was seen. MARS-R (Math Anxiety rating scale revised) and MARS-SV (Math Anxiety rating scale short version) seem to be used in more research, possible suggestion to switch the current one to either of them.

Soni, A. & Kumari, S. (2015). The Role of Parental Math Anxiety and Math Attitude in their Children's Math Achievement.

*International Journal od Science and Math Education,*1-17.

For example this researcher used 3 revised forms of MARS and instead of using A-MARS, the MARS-SV was preferred. The rationale for using MARS-SV was given via component analysis with an oblique rotation. It was shown that MARS-SV has high correlation (r = 0.92) with the original MARS, high internal reliability (0.96) and test-retest reliability (r = 0.90) at 1-week intervals.

## STEM Criteria

### Science

No### Technology

No### Engineering

No### Math

Yes**Contact**

Livingston Alexander, PhD

President, University of Pittsburgh at Bradford

300 Campus Drive Bradford, PA 16701

Tel.:814-362-7501 lalexand@pitt.edu